Al- Rahman Sunday School مدرسة الرحمن

Sunday school

Class-Grade III

Prophet Muhammad (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) (570 A.D -632A.D.)

  1. Born in Mecca مكة المكرمة in 570 AD (some say in 571 AD)
  2. Father’s Name – Abdullah Bin Abdul Muttalib (عبد الله بن عبد المطلب)
  3. Mother’s Name- Amina Bint Wahb أمينة بنت وهب (chief of Zohri clan) Bani Zahra
  4. The year in which he was born is also called the year of the ELEPHANT. The Sura "Al-Feal" الفيل in the QURAN القرآن الكريم(no: 105) mentions the event, which took place in this year. ألم تر كيف فعل ربك بأصحاب الفيل(1)ألم يجعل كيدهم في تضليل(2)وأرسل عليهم طيرا أبابيل(3)ترميهم بحجارة من سجيل(4)فجعلهم كعصف مأكول(5
  5. The Christian ruler of Yemen اليمن Called ABRAHA أبرها attacked Mecca مكة with an army, which had elephants in it. He wanted to capture AL Ka’aba الكعبة, the holy place of pilgrimage. ALLAH الله Idestroyed the whole army through birds ABABEEL أبابيل

  6. The Prophet (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) was born six months after the death of his father. His) P( mother died when he was six years old. Thereafter he was taken care of by his grandfather ABD-ALMUTTALIB (عبد المطلب)When ABD-ALMUTTALIB
  7. Died his Uncle ABUTALIB أبو طالب took care of him. The prophet (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) was eight years old then. He went on trade journeys with his uncle Abutalib أبو طالب.

  8. The first five years of Prophet’s( Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) life were spent in the desert with his wet-nurse HALEMA who belonged to the tribe of BANI SA’AD بنى سعد. She was
  9. Called (حليمة السعدية) Haleema AS Sa’adiya

  10. He was called AL-AMIN الأمين because of his moral virtues and fair dealings with whom ever he met.
  11. Prophet’s (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) Marriage with KHADEJA  خديجة. (595 AD) KHADEJA  خديجةwas a very rich woman of the Quiresh قريش Tribe. She was running good business in trade. She sent caravans of goods to Syria, Egypt, and other countries. She put the Prophet (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) in charge of her trade because he was known as AL-AMIN (الأمين) a person of fair dealings. Her trade grew in profits. She decided to marry the Prophet (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) who was then twenty-five years old and she was forty years old.
  12. They had 3 Sons and four daughters born to them.
  13. Sons: QASIM قاسم, TAHIR طاهر, and TAYYAB طيب.

Daughters: ZAINAB زينب, RUQUAYYA رقية, , M-I-KULTHUM أم كلثومand FATIMA فاطمة. All of the three sons died in infancy and the daughters Survived. Another son IBRAHIM إبراهيم was born to him from his wife MARIA ماريه  who also died in infancy.

11. START OF REVELATION: The First Revelation (وحي) came to him in 610 AD When He was in the cave HIRA (حرأ). The Angel GABRIEL  جبريل came to him and asked him to read. He said he did not know how or what to read. This dialogue went on for three times and the Angel hugged him three times. Thereafter the Angel asked him to read: (اقرأ باسم ربك الذي خلق)

"Read in the name of the LORD who created (mankind) ".

(This is the first Verse of SURA AL-ALAQ (#96). And the Prophet (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) read in the same way he was told to do. The Prophet (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) then rushed home and narrated the whole incident to his wife who took him to her cousin WARQA BIN NAUFAL (ورقة بن نوفل) who was a Jewish scholar of repute in MECCA مكة. He declared that MUHAMMAD (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) had been commissioned as Prophet (ص), and the Angel Who came to him was the Angel GABRIEL  جبريل who came to the earlier Prophets

12. The revelation started in 610 AD when he was 40 years old and continued up to 632A.D, the year he died. The whole of the Quran was revealed in 23 years. For thirteen years the Quran was revealed to Rasulullah in MECCA مكة. For the next Ten years in Madinah المدينة - Which was called YETHREB (يثرب).

13. The messages of ALLAH الله in the QURAN were:

(I). Allah الله  is one and there is no partner with him.

(II). Only God (Allah) الله is to be worshipped And not the idol

or anything else.


(III). HIS PROPHETS الرسل  and the Books الكتب revealed to them by

ALLAH الله  are true and should be believed as Such.


(IV). Belief in the MALA’IKA (ملائكة)-Angles-and

The DAY OF JUDGEMENT. (يوم القيامة)


(V). MUHAMMAD (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) is the last Prophet of ALLAH الله  


(VI). The DEEN (دين)-WAY OF LIFE- to be practiced by the followers of MUHAMMAD (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) is called ISLAM الإسلام. It was met with great opposition from the MECCANS.

  1. The Quresh قريش Tribe of MECCA مكة was rich, strong, and was the Custodian of KA’ABA الكعبة. There were 360 Idols lying in there, which were worshipped by the tribe, and those had to be removed. This was not liked by them. Again, the Prophet (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) Preached:
  2. (1). EQUALITY المساواة -All are equal whether rich or poor, black or white.

    (2). FRATERNITY الاخوة -All were brothers to each other.

    (3). LIBERTY الحرية -Everyone was free to live, no slavery.

    These Preachings were against their practices and a challenge to their leadership. They began to bother the Prophet (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) and his followers who were forced to leave Mecca and Migrate to Medina المدينة in 622 AD, this is called HIGRA (هجرة) and the Muslim calendar year started from this year.

  3. The Prophet (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) lived in Medina for 10 years and died in the year 632 A. D. at the age of 63 years.
  4. During this period of 10 years he and his Companions preached Islam freely so much so that by the time he died almost all ARABIA had become Muslim, and the neighboring states were following the Message.

    The First to accept Islam were:

    (1). KHADIJA- the Prophet’s (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) Wife خديجة

    (2). ALI- His cousin (علي بن آبى طالب) t

    (3). ZAID BIN HARITH- (زيد بن حارث) A freed slave of the Prophet (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam)

  5. The Crucial Wars fought and won by the Muslims under the command of the Prophet (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) were:

(1). Battle of BEDR 623 AD (غزوة بدر)

(2). Battle of UHUD 625 AD (غزوة أحد)

(3). Battle of DITCH 627 AD (غزوة الخندق)

(4). Conquest of MECCA 630 AD (فتح مكة)

(5). Battle of AL HUNAIN 629 A.D (غزوة الحنين)

(6). Battle of TABUK 631 AD (غزوة ألتبوك)



These were the most important wars, which gave the Muslims courage and strength to face the enemies of Islam BRAVELY where ever they went to preach Islam.

Medina المدينة became the seat of the Muslim Empire with a regular Muslim army,

a Bait-Al-Mal (بيت المال) Worship places, the most famous being

MASJID AL NABI (مسجد النبوي).

Forefathers of the Prophet (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam)/ and Family of the Prophet

Fihr (فهر) (He was a descendant of Prophet Ismailص) Son of prophet Ibrahim)(ص)

Ghalib (غالب)

Luayy (لؤوى)

Kaib (كعب)

(مرة) Murrah Adi (عدي)


(تيم) Taim Kilab (كلاب) Omar (عمر)

second caliph

(أبو بكر)Abu-bekr (Called) Qussay (قسي)

(أبو قحافة)Abu-qahafa

(First caliph) Abdmanaf(عبد أل مناف)


(هاشم )Hashim Abdshams (عبد الشمس)

(عبد المطلب)Abdulmuttalib Umayyah (امية)


Othman(عثمان)third caliph


Alharath Alabbas Alhashim Abdullah Abutalib Hamza Abulahab

(الحارث) (العباس) (الهاشم) (عبد الله) (أبو طالب (حمزة) أبو لهب))


Married Khadeja Muhammad Ali Married Fatimah

(خديجة) (ر) ص (محمد) (ر) (علي) (فاطمة) (ر)

Hussein Hassan

(حسين) (ر) (حسن) (ر)


Qasim Tahir Tayyab Zainab Ruqayya Um-e-Kalthum Fatima

(قاسم) (طاهر) (طيب) (زينب) (رقية) (أم كلثوم) (فاطمة)

(son) (son) (son) (daughter) (daughter) (daughter) (daughter)


Daughter: FATIMA فاطمة  was married to ALI BIN ABI TALIB علي بن أبي طالب . RUQUHYYA  رقية was married to OTHMAN BIN AFFAN t عثمان أبن عفان (third caliph). He was also called ZUL NURAIN (ذو النور ين), because the Prophet’s (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) daughter UMME-KALTHUM أم كلثوم  was also married to him after RUQUHYYA’s  death.

ZAINAB زينب  was married to ABUL A"AS  أبو العاص, a Quresh of Mecca who became Muslim in the migration period.


PROPHET MUHAMMAD (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) died in 632AD when he was 63 years old.

His last wife AYESHA  عائشة, daughter of Abu Bekr أبو بكرsurvived him.

The whole of ARABIA had by that time become Muslim except a few groups

Here or there.

There was the rule of the QURAN القرآن الكريمand the SUNNAH السنة of the

PROPHET (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam)

ABU BEKRأبو بكر  , the closest Companion and follower of the Prophet (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) As well as his father-in-law succeeded the Prophet (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) as Caliph.












11. ZUL-QA’DA 


There are four sacred months on the Islamic calendar as mentioned below:

The (SACRED MONTHS): are called_أربعة حرم \ الشهور الحرم

REF: KORAN / SURA (التوبة) No. 9 Aya 36


7 – RAJAB 

11 – ZUL-QA’DA 

12 – ZUL-HAJJ 

  1. These months are called sacred or HOLY MONTHS, and the Arabs kept themselves away from fights, and other acts of Social disorder, in these months. This tradition was existing from the days of prophet ISMAIL إسماعيل, son of Prophet IBRAHIM.  إبراهيم
  2. The reason why they are called holy months is not known.

  3. There was a committee in Mecca, composed of tribal leaders called:
  4. (حلف الفضول) (HILF-AL-FUDUL) (Respected persons committee), of which

    Prophet Mohammed (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) was an active member. They went door to door asking people not to fight, and make peace with each other.

  5. Islamic Calendar is based on the moon and is called LUNAR CALENDER.
  6. Islamic Calender is 10 (ten) days less than the Christian calendar.

Islamic year is 355 days.

Islamic calendar has 12 (twelve) months in the year (beginning from Muharram and ending On Zul Hajj.  An Islamic month maybe of 29 or 30 days.

Christian Calendar is based on the SUN and is called a SOLAR CALENDAR

The year starts with the month of January and ends with the month of December

And has 365 days in a year.


  1. The Holy Book of Allah اللهI was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) 
  2. Revelation started in 610 AD –Prophet’s (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam)  age then was 40 years.
  3. The first Ayah (verse) of Sura AL-ALAQ (العلق) /Surah 96, was revealed.
  4. اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ

  5. The revelation continued till 632 AD, when the Prophet (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) died.
  6. (12-Rabi-AL- ربيع الأول) (Monday) الاثنين

  7. The last Ayah (verse) revealed was (verse 3) in Sura 5 (المائدة اليوم أكملت لكم دينكم وأتممت عليكم نعمتي ورضيت لكم الإسلام دينا
  8. There are 114 Suras in the Quran-  
  9. The longest is SURA BAQARA (البقرة).

    It has 286 verses and 40 sections Ruka (ركوع)-it is Sura #2 in the Quran .

    The Quran begins with Sura FATEHA (الفاتحة)

    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم(1)الحمد لله رب العالمين(2)الرحمن الرحيم(3)مالك يوم الدين(4)إياك نعبد وإياك نستعين(5)اهدنا الصراط المستقيم(6)صراط الذين أنعمت عليهم غير المغضوب عليهم ولا الضالين أمين

    And ends with Sura AL-NAAS (الناس) Sura #114.

    قل أعوذ برب الناس(1)ملك الناس(2)إله الناس(3)من شر الوسواس الخناس(4)الذي يوسوس في صدور الناس(5)من الجنة والناس(6)

  10. The shortest Sura is AL-KAUTHAR (الكوثر). It has only three Ayahs.
  11. إِنَّا أَعْطَيْنَاكَ الْكَوْثَرَ(1)فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانْحَرْ(2)إِنَّ شَانِئَكَ هُوَ الْأَبْتَرُ(3

  12. The Quran  is compiled in 30 Parts (اجزاء).
  13. How to read the Quran : 1. Clean clothes should be worn before you read. 2. Make wudu 3. Sit properly as in ATTAHAYAT (التحيات). 4. Before you begin reading say

(أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم). (تعوز)(TA’AWUZ) Sura AL NAHAL النحل

فَإِذَا قَرَأْتَ الْقُرْءَانَ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ(98

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم (تسمية)(TASMIA’)

Note: Every Sura in the QURAN begins with (تسمية) (TASMIA’) except Sura AL TAWBAH التوبة (Sura # 9). So never say (تسمية) (TASMIA’) before you start reading it. You only say (أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم). (تعوز)(TA’AWUZ) (Sura 16:98)

    1. Read every Ayah with meaning so that you know what its meanings are.
    2. After you have finished reading say (صدق الله العظيم).
    3. Make it your habit to read it daily especially in the morning after FAJR SALAT صلاة الفجر.(Sura 17:78)

أَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ لِدُلُوكِ الشَّمْسِ إِلَى غَسَقِ اللَّيْلِ وَقُرْءَانَ الْفَجْرِ إِنَّ قُرْءَانَ الْفَجْرِ كَانَ مَشْهُودًا(78

  1. Blessings of the Quran: 1.Every word you read has one virtue for every Letter in that word. (ا ل م) Has three alphabet/letters and there are three virtues assigned to the reader.

2. Its reading is a cure for spiritual and physical Ailments. (Sura 17:82)

وَنُنَزِّلُ مِنَ الْقُرْءَانِ مَا هُوَ شِفَاءٌ وَرَحْمَةٌ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَلَا يَزِيدُ الظَّالِمِينَ إِلَّا خَسَارًا(82

    1. Those who memorize it. (حفاظ) Shall have huge rewards on the Day of Judgement. Every HAFIZ shall have the privilege of getting 10(ten) sinners pardoned by Allah اللهon his recommendation.
    2. The Prophet (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) says that the blessed is the one who gets knowledge of the Quran and teaches it to others.
  1. Al-Quran القرآن الكريم – is a Divine Book of lessons covering moral, spiritual and physical aspects of a human life. The Prophet (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) acted on these lessons and practically taught his companions how to do it. His acts are called SUNNAH السنة.
  2. Caliph الخليفةOTHMAN  compiled al-Quran –  (عثمان) the third caliph), in the form and order as it is today. He was called (جامع القران) (JAM-E-AL-QURAN).

RAMADAN – (Month of Fasting)

  1. 9th MONTH IN THE Islamic Calendar.
  2. Fasting is compulsory for every Muslim male/female who is Mature (بالغ)
  3. Sick persons and travelers away from their homes, forty-eight (48miles) are not to fast. They have to make up the number of days in which they did not fast, later.
  4. Fast begins from dawn and ends on sunset.
  5. One, who is fasting, has to keep away from eating, drinking, immoral acts, fights, telling lies, etc.
  6. Pray five times, read Quran and be of good behavior.

VIRTUES: فضاءل الصوم

    1. Your faith الإيمان in Allahالله becomes strong.
    2. It teaches obedience الطاعة to the teachings of Deen of Allah الله
    3. It teaches patience. الصبر
    4. It teaches control التحكم of your self.
    5. It teaches us to be regular in our habits.
    6. Reward of every good act is enormous 70 to 700 times during this month.


Begin fast by saying

?بصوم غدا نويت في شهر رمضان

End fast with saying

?للهم لك صمت وعلى رزقك أفطرت

ALLAH الله Says

"Fast is for me and only I shall give the reward for it".


الصوم لي وآنا اجز به

It is a month of BLESSINGS شهر البركات from ALLAH الله on the Muslims.

See Ayah nos. 183-185 in SURA AL-BAQARA’ (البقرة) Of the QURAN   (Sura no. 2).

يا أيها الذين ءامنوا كتب عليكم الصيام كما كتب على الذين من قبلكم لعلكم تتقون(183)أياما معدودات فمن كان منكم مريضا أو على سفر فعدة من أيام أخر وعلى الذين يطيقونه فدية طعام مسكين فمن تطوع خيرا فهو خير له وأن تصوموا خير لكم إن كنتم تعلمون(184)

Fasting was also compulsory on the JEWS اليهود and the CHRISTIANS النصارى; they had to fast for 40 days- MOSES موسى   fasted for 40 days when he stayed on TOOR MOUNTAIN (جبل الطور) in SINAI Desert for a meeting with ALLAH الله. JESUS عيسى  fasted for 40 days when he secluded himself for worship of ALLAH الله in a deserted place. Almost all Prophets fasted for a number of days during their lives. – Prophet DANIEL (دانيال)  fasted for 3 weeks.

Prophet ELIAS (الياس)  fasted for 40 days. (Right on Mount Horaib) (حور أب)

Fasting has so many benefits, spiritual and physical. ALLAH الله says

(يريد الله بكم اليسر ولا يريد بكم العسر)

That "He wants you to be easy and prosperous and not in distress and hardship" (Ayah #185 in SURAH BAQARA) By obeying the command of ALLAH الله one leads a blissful life.

?َهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِي أُنْزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْءَانُ هُدًى لِلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَاتٍ مِنَ الْهُدَى وَالْفُرْقَانِ فَمَنْ شَهِدَ مِنْكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ وَمَنْ كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَى سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ بِكُمُ الْيُسْرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ الْعُسْرَ وَلِتُكْمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُوا اللَّهَ عَلَى مَا هَدَاكُمْ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ(185)

The most salient features of this month are:

  1. The Quran was revealed in this month. This means that it was transferred (all of it) from Lohi Mahfooz لوح محفوظ)In the 7th Heaven to Bait-UL-Izzah (بيت العزة)Somewhere in the Lower Heaven in the Night of Power (ليلة القدر) and from there it was revealed piecemeal as scheduled by ALLAH الله
  2. For every good act, there is 70 to 700 times more reward in this month
  3. There is the most blessed night in this month (in the last ten days) called the Night of Power (ليلة القدر). In this night ALLAH الله descends from the Heaven and proclaims peace and forgiveness for everyone who seeks it Surah AL_ QADAR (97) QURAN. إنا أنزلناه في ليلة القدر(1)وما أدراك ما ليلة القدر(2)ليلة القدر خير من ألف شهر(3)تنزل الملائكة والروح فيها بإذن ربهم من كل أمر(4)سلام هي حتى مطلع الفجر(5
  4. Prayer in this night is better than prayer in one thousand month.
  5. Scholars have divided this month into three parts
    1. The first ten days are called (أيام الاستغفار) (days of seeking forgiveness of sins from ALLAH الله. This is done by spending more time in prayer etc.
    2. The next ten days are called (أيام المغفرة) (days of forgiveness from Allah الله. More exertion in prayer.
    3. The last nine or ten days are called (دخول الجنة)(entry in Paradise). This is the reward for the whole month’s prayers, keeping away from evil deeds and doing good deeds.
    1. All heavenly books were revealed to the Prophets(as) in this month;

i. Scrolls of Prophet IBRAHIM  (صحف إبراهيم)

    1. TORAH to Moses موسى  التوراة
    2. ZABOOR to David  (زبور داود)Psalms
    1. INJEEL to Jesus عيسى  (الإنجيل) called the bible.
    2. Quran to Muhammad  (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) القرآن


COMPULSORY; Five Prayers in a day.

    1. FAJR (Before Sunrise) (الفجر)

2. ZUHR (Noon) (الظهر)

3. ASR early in the evening (before sunset) (العصر)

4. Meghrab (sunset) (المغرب)

5. Isha (late at night) (العشاء)


Theses Five Prayers are compulsory for offering on every

Mature Muslim (بالغ) (male/female). (Except women in menses and children).

Ref: (Quran: Sura-4 / Aya 103) (سورة النساء)

(فأقيموا الصلاة إن الصلاة كانت على المؤمنين كتابا موقوتا(103)

(Verily Salat is compulsory on every faithful male/female on the prescribed time.


Before offering prayer you have to keep in mind the following:

    1. Wash yourself if you are unclean. (shower)
    2. Use water to clean yourself if you; have gone to the Rest Room for urine or stool. (Taharrah الطهارة )
    3. Your clothes should be clean
    4. Your place of prayer should be neat and clean and it should be away from noise and crowds so that you are not disturbed.
    5. Pray at the proper time scheduled for the prayer you are offering.
    6. Make WUDU (وضؤ)/Ablution.

This is the foremost part of your preparation for Salat; No Salat is acceptable if you have not made WUDU. It is compulsory (see Ayah 6 of Sura MA’IDA المائدة يا أيها الذين ءامنوا إذا قمتم إلى الصلاة فاغسلوا وجوهكم وأيديكم إلى المرافق وامسحوا برءوسكم وأرجلكم إلى الكعبين وإن كنتم جنبا فاطهروا وإن كنتم مرضى أو على سفر أو جاء أحد منكم من الغائط أو لامستم النساء فلم تجدوا ماء فتيمموا صعيدا طيبا فامسحوا بوجوهكم وأيديكم منهSurah #5) (and Ayah 43 in Sura AL-NISAA- النساء-Num. 4 in the Quran)

يا أيها الذين ءامنوا لا تقربوا الصلاة وأنتم سكارى حتى تعلموا ما تقولون ولا جنبا إلا عابري سبيل حتى تغتسلوا وإن كنتم مرضى أو على سفر أو جاء أحد منكم من الغائط أو لامستم النساء فلم تجدوا ماء فتيمموا صعيدا طيبا فامسحوا بوجوهكم وأيديكم إن الله كان عفوا غفورا(43)

While making WUDU وضؤ

1.face Ka’aba كعبة if possible

2.Brush your teeth

3. Make Niyah نية of WUDUوضؤ (I am making WUDU)

4. Say Tasmia تسمية بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

There are four FARD (فرض) In WUDUوضؤ

    1. Wash your face
    2. Wash your hands to elbows of the arms
    3. Make Masah (مسح) of your head from forehead to the nape of the neck.
    4. Wash your feet up to the ankles

10 Sunnah (سنة) in WUDU are:

Make Niyah نية an intention that you are making wudu

    1. Say Bismiallah (بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم) before you start
    2. Wash your hands and clean the spaces between the fingers (خلال)
    3. Rinse your mouth
    4. Clean your nostrils
    5. Clean the naked parts of your ears with wet fingers, and the back portions of both.
    6. Wash both arms from the wrist to the elbows.
    7. Do (Masah) (مسح) -wipe your neck and ears.
    8. Clean the spaces خلال between the toes of each foot with water
    9. Do every act in Wudu three times.
    10. Face the Ka’aba الكعبة while making wudu if possible.

After you have finished the wudu, raise your head towards heaven and say the second Kalema.

أشهد آن لا اله إلا الله وحدة لا شريك له و اشهد آن محمد عبدة و رسوله

Tayummum: تيمم

This is a facility provided by Allah  الله .To those who cannot make wudu because:

  1. Of sickness
  2. Enough water is not available for wudu
  3. The water is dirty and not fit for use, it may be stagnant also
  4. The enemy guards the water or there are wild beasts around and one cannot get there safely. (Within a range of mile or so).

In any one of such conditions you can make Tayummum for Prayers or reading the Koran etc.

How to make Tayummum:تيمم (Ref: SURA AL – MAI’DA – AYA # 6)

يا أيها الذين ءامنوا إذا قمتم إلى الصلاة فاغسلوا وجوهكم وأيديكم إلى المرافق وامسحوا برءوسكم وأرجلكم إلى الكعبين وإن كنتم جنبا فاطهروا وإن كنتم مرضى أو على سفر أو جاء أحد منكم من الغائط أو لامستم النساء فلم تجدوا ماء فتيمموا صعيدا طيبا فامسحوا بوجوهكم وأيديكم منه

Make Niyah نية as in wudu

Take dry clay/earth, gently rub palms of both hands on it and rub your face with both palms once.

Again rub both palms of your hands on earth or clay and rub it on both hands.

Do both acts only one time each.

This Tayummum تيمم will be valid for only one Salat etc. For every Salat or reading of the Koran, you will have to make a fresh Tayummum. تيمم

When do you lose Wudu or Tayummum: تيمم

AZAN (أذان)- call for Prayers:

A male Muslim makes Azan or call for prayers usually about 15 minutes before the start of Prayers but it may be called sooner. The caller is called (مؤذن) (Muzzan).

Memorize the following Parts of the Azan.

For the FAJAR Prayer

Add the following Kalemat after: (حي على الفلاح)

الصلاة خير من النوم ( 2 times)

الله اكبر (2 times)

(One time) (لا اله إلا الله)

 Read the following DU’A after Azan (memorize it)

IQAMA: (إقامة) (Announcement that the salat is just to begin)

There are two forms of Iqama: (إقامة)

One is that you say the same words that you used in Azan but after (حي على الفلاح) add the following words (قد قامت الصلاة) (two times)

and then repeat the remaining words of the Azan. (كلمات الأذان)

(two times) (الله اكبر)

(one time) (لا اله إلا الله)

The other form is (and it is used in the mosques in Mecca and Medina) as follows:

(Two times) (الله اكبر)

(one time) أشهد آن لا اله إلا الله

(one time) اشهد آن محمد رسول الله

(One time) حي على الصلاة

(one time) الفلاح حي على

(Two times) قد قامت الصلاة

(Two times) الله اكبر

(One time) لا اله إلا الله

The person who leads the Prayer is called imam (إمام) and those who stand behind him and follow him in making the Salat are called MUQTADI (مقتدى)

The following table tells you the parts of each Salat:


سنة فرض سنة نفل وتر

1. Fajr (الفجر) 2( c) 2( c) - - -

2. Zuhr (الظهر) 4( c) 4( c) 2(c ) 2(op) -

3. Asr (العصر) 4(op) 4(c ) - - -

4. Meghrib (المغرب) - 3(c ) 2(c ) 2(op) -

5. Isha (العشاء) 4(op) 4(c ) 2(c ) 2(op) 3(c)


C = Compulsory

OP = Optional

Salat teaches us to be:

    1. Punctual on Praying at the Proper times. PUNCTUALITY الدقة
    2. Regular in Praying at the Proper times. REGULARITY العادة
    3. Truthful in observing the Salat. It should not be a show-business SINCERTY الإخلاص
    4. Do not think of anything except that you are standing before ALLAH اللهI and He is seeing you. CONCENTRATION التركيز
    5. Be neat and clean. CLEANLINESS النظافة
    6. Fix your eyes on the place where you have to make Sajda سجدة do not look around or talk when making Salat.

Al-Niyah of Salat النية للصلاة

When you stand for Prayer الصلاة make your Niyah نية (intention) as under (Sura 6:79)

إِنِّي وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِي فَطَرَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ حَنِيفًا وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ(79

    1. Say "I am Praying Salat نويت صلاة … (state which Salat your making for example: Fajr الفجر, or Meghrib المغرب ..) for worship of ALLAH الله
    2. Say, "I am praying Farad فرض (state the number of RAKAHA’S) or,

      Say, "I am praying Sunnah سنة (state the number of RAKAHA’S) or,

      Say, "I am praying Nafl نفل (state the number of RAKAHA’S) or,

      Say, "I am praying Witr وتر (state the number of RAKAHA’S)

    3. I am facing the Ka’aba الكعبة
    4. I am praying behind the Imam الإمام (If you are praying in Jam'aah جماعة otherwise do not say these words).
    5. Say ALLAH-O-AKBAR- الله اكبر raise both hands up to ears with open palms pointing towards Ka’aba الكعبة; after that lower both hands and place them on your chest right hand over the left.

After the first TAKBIR الله اكبر you say

سبحنك اللهم و بحمدك و تبارك اسمك و تعالى جدك و لا اله غيرك.

Then recite AL FATIHAH الفاتحة

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ(1)الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ(2)الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ(3)مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ(4)إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ(5)اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ(6)صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ(7)

Then recite another Sura for example:

?ُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ(1)اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ(2)لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ(3)وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ(4

Then you say ALLAH-O-AKBAR- الله اكبر

You make RUK’U ركوع

You say SUBHANA RABI-EL-AZIM سبحان ربى العظيم (3 times)

Then you say ALLAH-O-AKBAR- الله اكبر

Then you say SAMIEH AL-LAHU-LEMAN HAMIDEH سمع الله لمن حمده ربنا لك الحمد

Then you say ALLAH-O-AKBAR- الله اكبر

You make SUJOD سجود

Say SUBHANA RABI-EL-AL-AL’AA سبحان ربى ألا على (3times)

Then say ALLAH-O-AKBAR- الله اكبر

Make another SAJDAH سجدة

Say SUBHANA RABI-EL-AL-AL’AA سبحان ربى ألا على (3times)

Then say ALLAH-O-AKBAR- الله اكبر. Stand up in straight position.

Repeat all the above for the second RAKA’AH ركعة. Now after the second SAJDEH remain seated and recite AL SALAT AL IBRAHIMEH الصلاة الإبراهيمية

التحيات لله و الصلوات والطيبات السلام عليك آيها النبي و رحمة الله و بركاته السلام علينا و على عباد الله الصالحين اشهد آن لا اله إلا الله و اشهد آن محمد عبدة و رسوله اللهم صلى على محمد و على آل محمد كما صليت على إبراهيم و على آل إبراهيم انك حميد مجيد اللهم بارك على محمد و على آل محمد كما باركت على إبراهيم و على آل إبراهيم انك حميد مجيد.

Then recite the following Dua’ دعا

اللهم إني ظلمت نفسي ظلما كثيرا ولا يغفر الذنوب إلا آنت فاغفر لي مغفرة من عندك و ارحمني انك آنت الغفور الرحيم. ربى اجعلني مقيم الصلاة و من ذريتي ربنا و تقبل دعأ ربي اغفر لي و لوالدي و للمؤمنين يوم يقوم الحساب. ربنا أتنا في الدنيا حسنة و في الآخرة حسنة وقنا عذاب النار

Then turn your head over your right shoulder and say

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

Then turn your head over your left shoulder and say

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته



AL HAJJ الحج Pilgrimage to Mecca مكة المكرمة

  1. Hajj الحج Falls in the 12th month = of the Islamic Calendar
  2. It is one of the four sacred months mentioned in the Quran, and is performed on the 9th day of the month of =
  3. It is obligatory on every Muslim (male/female) who is adult and has proper facilities to do it. (Ayah 97-Sura 3) إن أول بيت وضع للناس للذي ببكة مباركا وهدى للعالمين(96)فيه ءايات بينات مقام إبراهيم ومن دخله كان ءامنا ولله على الناس حج البيت من استطاع إليه سبيلا ومن كفر فإن الله غني عن العالمين97
  4. A female cannot go for Hajj الحجalone. She has to go with her Mehrem (husband, father, brother). Minor children can go with their parents or close relations.

  5. A visa has to be obtained from the Saudi Arab government before going for Hajj الحج.
  6. Two separate pieces of sizable, unused white cloth, unstitched, have to be worn. One to be wrapped around the upper part of the body and the other around the waist covering the belly and legs. This is called EHRAM إحرام. The head is not to be covered by anything. It should remain bare and so should the feet. A sandal type of footwear should be worn during the period of Hajj الحج in which the top-part of the foot from toes to the heel should be uncovered.
  7. It is recommended that the Ehram الإحرامshould be worn before one starts on his journey. Make wudu and say two Nafl نفل Salat before going and pray for the successful completion of the ritual.
  8. Get a book or brochure on Hajj الحج and study the procedure step-by-step how to perform it. This is very necessary.
  9. There are many prayers for recitation at different stages during Hajj الحج but the one and only one written in the Quran is in Ayah 201 of Sura Al- Baqhra البقرة which should be frequently recited. ومنهم من يقول ربنا ءاتنا في الدنيا حسنة وفي الآخرة حسنة وقنا عذاب النار(201
  10. Acts Prohibited during Hajj الحج /Umra العمرة

?لْحَجُّ أَشْهُرٌ مَعْلُومَاتٌ فَمَنْ فَرَضَ فِيهِنَّ الْحَجَّ فَلَا رَفَثَ وَلَا فُسُوقَ وَلَا جِدَالَ فِي الْحَجِّ وَمَا تَفْعَلُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ يَعْلَمْهُ اللَّهُ وَتَزَوَّدُوا فَإِنَّ خَيْرَ الزَّادِ التَّقْوَى وَاتَّقُونِ يَاأُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ(197

يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا لَا تَقْتُلُوا الصَّيْدَ وَأَنْتُمْ حُرُمٌ وَمَنْ قَتَلَهُ مِنْكُمْ مُتَعَمِّدًا فَجَزَاءٌ مِثْلُ مَا قَتَلَ مِنَ النَّعَمِ يَحْكُمُ بِهِ ذَوَا عَدْلٍ مِنْكُمْ هَدْيًا بَالِغَ الْكَعْبَةِ أَوْ كَفَّارَةٌ طَعَامُ مَسَاكِينَ أَوْ عَدْلُ ذَلِكَ صِيَامًا لِيَذُوقَ وَبَالَ أَمْرِهِ عَفَا اللَّهُ عَمَّا سَلَفَ وَمَنْ عَادَ فَيَنْتَقِمُ اللَّهُ مِنْهُ وَاللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ ذُو انْتِقَامٍ(95)

أُحِلَّ لَكُمْ صَيْدُ الْبَحْرِ وَطَعَامُهُ مَتَاعًا لَكُمْ وَلِلسَّيَّارَةِ وَحُرِّمَ عَلَيْكُمْ صَيْدُ الْبَرِّ مَا دُمْتُمْ حُرُمًا وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي إِلَيْهِ تُحْشَرُونَ(96

    1. Farad فرض (compulsory act)

11. Ka’aba الكعبة (Baitullah) بيت الله: The site of Ka’aba الكعبة was first shown to Adam آدم  when he was turned out wit his wife Hawa حوا (Eve) from Paradise الجنة and thrown on the earth. Adam آدم  landed somewhere in the Mid-East area and Eve حوا some where in Ceylon as the story goes. Being alone, Adam آدم  begged Allah الله to show him the place where he could pray to him in peace. He was told that angels الملائكة would cast their shadow on the land and the boundary of that shadow would define the place of his worship. So the initial limits of this house were laid by Adam آدم  by means of stones and all Prophets  prayed there. Prophet Ibrahim إبراهيم  and his son Ismail إسماعيل  raised the structure of this house.

Ayah 127 of Sura Al- Baqhra البقرة وإذ يرفع إبراهيم القواعد من البيت وإسماعيل ربنا تقبل منا إنك أنت السميع العليم

Please study Ayah’s 124-129 of the same Surah, they are relevant in the same context.

وإذ ابتلى إبراهيم ربه بكلمات فأتمهن قال إني جاعلك للناس إماما قال ومن ذريتي قال لا ينال عهدي الظالمين(124)وإذ جعلنا البيت مثابة للناس وأمنا واتخذوا من مقام إبراهيم مصلى وعهدنا إلى إبراهيم وإسماعيل أن طهرا بيتي للطائفين والعاكفين والركع السجود(125)وإذ قال إبراهيم رب اجعل هذا بلدا ءامنا وارزق أهله من الثمرات من ءامن منهم بالله واليوم الآخر قال ومن كفر فأمتعه قليلا ثم أضطره إلى عذاب النار وبئس المصير(126)وإذ يرفع إبراهيم القواعد من البيت وإسماعيل ربنا تقبل منا إنك أنت السميع العليم(127)ربنا واجعلنا مسلمين لك ومن ذريتنا أمة مسلمة لك وأرنا مناسكنا وتب علينا إنك أنت التواب الرحيم(128) ربنا وابعث فيهم رسولا منهم يتلو عليهم ءاياتك ويعلمهم الكتاب والحكمة ويزكيهم إنك أنت العزيز الحكيم(129)

Baitullah بيت الله has passed through so many upheavals in the past; it was destroyed in so many attacks by invaders and also during the deluge of Noah. Its present structure was built by Sultan Murad سلطان مراد ruler of Constantinoble القسطنطينية in 1040A.H. He marbled its inner floors and walls; it measures almost 27 feet high almost 90 feet long and 63 feet broad. An arc like portion of it at the back wall is called HATEEM حط يم. It is a part of Baitullah بيت الله although it is outside the main room.

According to the Quran Prophet Ibrahim إبراهيم had seen while asleep that he was sacrificing his son Ismail إسماعيل. He narrated this to his son Ismail إسماعيل who okayed this act.

Ibrahim إبراهيم took a sharp knife and accompanied by Ismail إسماعيل came to MINA منى, a place 5 / 6 miles away from Ka’aba الكعبة . There he laid down his son for sacrifice In the name of Allah  الله and for three times he tried to cut his throat but the knife failed. In desperation he struck the knife on the rock every time, but as it was a test of obedience of Allah الله the weapon did not work but instead a lamb was laid down by angels الملائكة to be slaughtered in lieu of Ismail إسماعيل. So According to this tradition the sacrifice of an animal (Goat, Lamb, Camel, Cow, Etc.) is done in the days of Hajj الحج.

The places where Satan الشيطان appeared three times in three shapes (tall, medium and short stature). as a saintly person to dissuade Ibrahim إبراهيم from obeying the order of Allah  الله to sacrifice his son, are indicated in the form of 3 pillars raised there in Mina منى which are stoned one after the other by the Hajis الحجاج with seven small rocks each during their stay of 3 days in Mina منى.

The House of Allah Baitullah بيت الله is situated in the town of Mecca مكة المكرمة in Saudi Arabia. Mecca’s former name was Becca بكه, (ayah No. 96 in Sura Al Imran-no 3 in the Quran).

إن أول بيت وضع للناس للذي ببكة مباركا وهدى للعالمين(96

This town originated on account of the spring of zamzam زمزم water, which sprang, out when Ismail إسماعيل rubbed his feet on the ground in agony caused by thirst. The story goes that Prophet Ibrahim إبراهيم had two wives, one was the daughter of a big shot (Sara سارة) and the other was of a lower status. From his first wife there was no child but the second one had borne a child in the name of Ismail. Due to jealousy the first wife Sara سارة asked her husband Ibrahim إبراهيم to remove his second wife Hajar هاجر from there and place her some where else. So Ibrahim إبراهيم brought his second wife Hajar هاجر and infant son Ismail who was a suckling baby to the place which is now called Ka’aba. It was a wasteland without trees, water or anything else to provide food or shelter from the scorching sun and thundering clouds. He left both mother and son there with some dates and water and went away. Think of their plight in a wilderness, exposed to all hazards of life but it was compliance with the will of God Allah  الله. Soon the water and dates were finished and due to the intensity of thirst Ismail إسماعيل cried himself hoarse and rubbed hard his feet on the ground. His mother desperately ran around to see if she could find any trace or source of water anywhere. She climbed the mountains of Safa صفا and Marwa مروا seven times and ran between them looking far off if there was any trace of water. When she returned to look after her lonely son she found a fountain of water rising up under the feet of Ismail إسماعيل cool and sweet water. In her anxiety she called out to the fountain "water zamzam" زمزم (stop from flowing away). The water was gushing out with force and she placed stones around it to collect it. Another astonishing event happened then. A tribe called Banu Jerhem بنو جرهم was passing by that way on a trade mission. By finding water they stopped there and thus Hajar هاجر and Ismail إسماعيل got company and were not left alone. Other tribes learning the flow of the spring came and settled there and in due course Mecca مكة grew into a populous town. So all the rituals, which have to be performed during Hajj, الحج are in memory of Prophet Ibrahim إبراهيم and Ismail إسماعيل and Hajar هاجر. (Sacrifice of an animal, drinking of zamzam water running between the mountains of Safa صفا and Marwa مروا, stoning of the three Jumras (pillars signifying the places of appearance and postures of the Satan الشيطان. The Prophet Muhammad  (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) did follow these rituals in letter and spirit and so is his Ummah الآمة following to this day.

Prophet Ibrahim إبراهيم while raising the foundation of Ka’aba الكعبة called out to the whole world (as directed by Allah  الله) to come to this place for right guidance and his call was echoed in the whole world; that is why the ritual of Hajj الحج is performed by the Muslims every year.

Manners of Eating and Drinking آداب الطعام و الشراب

According to the Sunnah السنة

Islam الإسلام has set certain norms governing our food intake. They are:

    1. Before you sit for your meal wash your hands and if possible brush your teeth.
    2. Do not use any towel or paper etc. to dry your hands.
    3. If you are sitting on the floor to eat, sit as in ATTAHAYAT (التحيات).
    4. Use your right hand for eating and drinking.
    5. Say Bismiallah (بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم) before starting. (تسمية)
    6. Take as much cooked food (vegetable / meat) in your plate as you can eat without leaving anything.
    7. Eat from your front only. Do not blow on your food.
    8. Chew food very well. Do not just swallow it, and make no haste in eating.
    9. Do not eat hot food. Let it cool down.
    10. Eat only HALAL حلال food. Stay away from HARAM الحرام food. (E.g. Pork خنزير or meat of any HARAM حرام bird or animal). See Ayah 3 in Surah 5 AL MA’IDA المائدة

حرمت عليكم الميتة والدم ولحم الخنزير وما أهل لغير الله به والمنخنقة والموقوذة والمتردية والنطيحة وما أكل السبع إلا ما ذكيتم وما ذبح على النصب وأن تستقسموا بالأزلام ذلكم فسق اليوم يئس الذين كفروا من دينكم فلا تخشوهم واخشون اليوم أكملت لكم دينكم وأتممت عليكم نعمتي ورضيت لكم الإسلام دينا يسألونك ماذا أحل لهم قل أحل لكم الطيبات وما علمتم من الجوارح مكلبين تعلمونهن مما علمكم الله فكلوا مما أمسكن عليكم واذكروا اسم الله عليه واتقوا الله إن الله سريع الحساب(4

  1. Do not drink wine or liquor.
  2. Make three parts of your appetite
  1. Do not over-eat otherwise you will put undue pressure on your digestive system which can make you sick.
  2. Keep in mind the principle "Eat to live and not live to eat".
  3. Eat if you feel hungry otherwise stay away from eating.
  4. Do not sneeze and blow your nose while eating/drinking. Keep something before your nose if you have to do this.
  5. While drinking water, hold the glass in your right hand and drink slowly in three gulps, keeping a distance of 2-3 seconds after each gulp.
  6. Say بسم الله before drinking, and الحمد لله after drinking.
  7. Do not drink hot water.
  8. Always use running water for drinking. Do not drink from the water of a pond or stagnant water.
  9. After you have finished your food, say "Praise be to Allah who has given me food to eat and water to drink". الحمد لله الذي أطعمنا و سقانا و جعلنا مسلمين
  10. Wash your hands and rinse your mouth. You can use a towel now to dry your hands.
  11. It is a well-known saying:

"After lunch rest awhile, after dinner walk a mile".


Halal and Haram الحلال و الحرام

Permissible and not permissible المسموح و الممنوع

Anything, which is forbidden by Allah  الله, whether food, or drink and any act are, called Haram حرام.

And anything, which is not forbidden for use, is called halal حلال.

Food made Haram حرام by Allah  الله is written in Ayah 3 of Sura 5 of the Quran.

You are forbidden from eating:

  1. Meat of any dead halal animal or bird which died of its natural death الميتة.
  2. Blood الدم
  3. Pork الخنزير
  4. Animal / bird which has been slaughtered in the name of anyone other than Allah  الله. وما أهل لغير الله به
  5. Animal / bird killed by strangulation. المنخنقة
  6. Animal / bird beaten to death or it died by accident. والموقوذة
  7. Animal / bird which has died because it fell from a high place. المتردية
  8. Animal / bird which died from an injury caused by another animal / bird. النطيحة
  9. Animal / bird killed and eaten by a beast. وما أكل السبع
  10. Animal / bird sacrificed for an idol. وما ذبح على النصب
  11. Meat shared or owned by dice or gambling by arrows. تستقسموا بالأزلام

Briefly, do not eat the following:

  1. Pork الخنزير
  2. Blood الدم
  3. Dead animal / bird which was not slaughtered in the name of Allah  الله

Do not drink Liquors (wine, beer, etc.) Do not use drugs.

Do not backbite or tell lies. Do not indulge in Adultery, rape, sodomy, home-sexuality, boy/girl friendship, pre-marital sex etc.

These acts are forbidden in Islam.

Gambling is also not allowed.

Etiquette in Masjid: أدأب المسجد

  1. Enter Masjid with your RIGHT FOOT in First and say the Du’aa دعا "Allah open your doors of mercy on me". اللهم افتح لي أبواب رحمتك
  2. Say Salaam السلام عليكم in loud voice to those who are present there.
  3. Say two RAK’AT NAFL. ركعتان نفل تحية المسجد
  4. Sit quietly and do ZIKR ذكر or if you read the Quran , read in low voice.
  5. If the Azan أذان has been called, say Du’aa دعا SUNNAH PRAYER.
  6. Do not indulge in worldly talk.
  7. Do not sing, whistle or do any other act against the moral principles.
  8. After prayers are over go out of the MASJID المسجد placing your left foot out first and read the Du’aa دعا "Allah, beg of your benevolence and tenderness on me." اللهم إني اسئلك من فضلك و رحمتك
  9. Salaam should be said in loud voice before stepping out.

Etiquette of Sleeping: آداب النوم

  1. Before lying on your bed for sleep, you may make wudu. وضؤ
  2. Lying on your right side with your right hand under the right ear and your face towards Ka’aba الكعبة is the Sunnah of the Prophet. (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) 
  3. Read Sura, ALKAFROON, الكافرون
  4. قُلْ يَاأَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ(1)لَا أَعْبُدُ مَا تَعْبُدُونَ(2)وَلَا أَنْتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ(3)وَلَا أَنَا عَابِدٌ مَا عَبَدْتُمْ(4)وَلَا أَنْتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ(5)لَكُمْ دِينُكُمْ وَلِيَ دِينِ(6)

    AL IKHLAS, الإخلاص

    قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ(1)اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ(2)لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ(3)وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ(4)

    AL FALAQ, الفلق

    قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ الْفَلَقِ(1)مِنْ شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ(2)وَمِنْ شَرِّ غَاسِقٍ إِذَا وَقَبَ(3)وَمِنْ شَرِّ النَّفَّاثَاتِ فِي الْعُقَدِ(4)وَمِنْ شَرِّ حَاسِدٍ إِذَا حَسَدَ(5)

    And AL NAA’S, الناس Once.

    قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ النَّاسِ(1)مَلِكِ النَّاسِ(2)إِلَهِ النَّاسِ(3)مِنْ شَرِّ الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ(4)الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ(5)مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ(6)

    If your have memorized Ayah AL KOORSI أية الكرسي do recite it once.

    ?للَّهُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ لَا تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلَا نَوْمٌ لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ مَنْ ذَا الَّذِي يَشْفَعُ عِنْدَهُ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِهِ يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلَّا بِمَا شَاءَ وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَلَا يَئُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَا وَهُوَ الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ(255)

  5. When you get up from sleep say "Praise be to Allah who has enlivened us after death and To Him shall we be resurrected."

الحمد لله الذي أحيانا بعد ما أماتنا و إلية النشور

Use of Bathroom:

  1. Make wudu.
  2. Wash head first and keep reading first and second Kalema throughout shower.
  3. Wash the right side of your body.
  4. Then wash the left side.
  5. While taking shower, read the following Du’aa as well.

O Allah I الله make me among the repentance and the Pious.

اللهم اجعلني من التوابين و اجعلني من المتطهرين

Glory be to you Allah I الله, with thy praise I testify that there is no sustainer except you: I seek thy pardon and submit to you in repentance.

سبحنك اللهم وبحمدك اشهد آن لا اله إلا آنت استغفرك و أتوب إليك


6. Ensure that no hair in any part of body remains dry!


Use of Restroom

  1. Put your left foot inside first and read his Du’aa
  2. O Allah I الله I seek thy protection from every foul and evil thing.

    اللهم إني أعوذ بك من الخبث والخبائث

  3. After you are done, come out putting your right foot outside first and say:


Praise be to you Allah I الله for your indulgence in me.



Final Test: - Grade III

Student’s name __________________ Time-45 min.

Father’s name __________________ Marks-100

Phone No. __________________ (10 marks are for Neat work)

Subject: Islamic Studies

Part I


1. a) Hijra year starts from 570 610 622


b) Age of the Prophet.  (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) on Hijra 40yrs. 63yrs. 52yrs.

2. Prophet’s. (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam)  : Father: Abdullah عبد الله Ali علي Abutalib آبو طالب ;


Was he alive on his birth: Yes No


Mother: Fatema فاطمة Hajera هاجر Amena أمينة


Nurse: Khadeja خديجة Isma عصمة Haleema حليمة

3. Revelation of Quran to the Prophet(Salla allah alayhi wa sallam)  . Began in:

600AD 632AD 610AD

4. Prophet’s(Salla allah alayhi wa sallam)   first wife: Salma سلمى, Maria ماريه, Khadeja خديجة

How many Children: Sons , Daughters ,

5. Prophet’s (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam)  last wife: Habeebaحبيبة , Ayesha عائشة

6. Prophet’s  (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) acts/sayings are called: ___________________.


Part II


1. Quran  is the word of: Allah I الله, Prophet (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam) 

2. It has (Suras): 145, 114, 150,


3. a) The first Ayah Reveled to the Prophet  (Salla allah alayhi wa sallam)  was of Sura:

Al-Kawthar الكوثر, Al-Alaq العلق, Al-Fateha الفاتحة,

b) The last Ayah Reveled to the Prophet eãÍãÏ was of Sura:

Al-Ikhlas الإخلاص , Al-Maida المائدة, Al-Mulk الملك

Ayah#2 Ayah#3 Ayah#1

c) Revelation started in the month of:


4. a) Which is the longest Surah: Al-Nisa النسا,

Al-Baqhra البقرة,

Al-Tauba التوبة,

  1. b) Which is the shortest Surah:
  2. Al-Feel الفيل,

    Al-Kaferoon الكافرون

    Al-Kawthar الكوثر

    5. a) Who compiled the Quran  in its present form: Ali tعلي, Omar t عمر , Othman t عثمان

    b) He was called: Katebul-Quran كاتب القرآن, Jam’al-ul-Quran جامع القرآن,

    6. What you should do before reading the Quran : 1. ________________

    2. ________________



    Part 3

    1. Name any two Muslim months 1. ____________________

    2. ____________________

    2. The month of fasting is: SHABAN 8, RAMADAN 9, SAFAR 2

    3. a) Who has to fast: 1. 2. 3. .

    b) Who may not fast: 1. 2. 3. .

    Hint (Adult: Child: Sick: Pedestrian: traveler away 48miles, non-Muslim, Student)

    4. How much reward for every good act: 20times; 70times; 10times; 700times;

  3. 5. a) What is the Niyah of starting the fast: You can write in English :


b)What is the Niyah for breaking the fast: you can write in English:


c)There are three parts of this month: (HINT: Select the proper one: Tauba : prayer: forgiveness Seeking pardon: entry in paradise)

(1) . (2) . (3) .


d) There is a blessed night in the month; name it________(in the last period)

Prayer in this night is better than prayer in __________months


Part 4

  1. a) Islamic calendar is called: Lunar, Solar,

b) Islamic year has: 355days, 365 days, 340 days

c) Islamic month on the rise of the: sun, moon


2. a) What is the Niyah of Wudu: 1. .

(You can write in English) 2. .

  1. How many Sunnah in wudu:___________________
  2. How many farad in wudu: _____________________
  3. What is Tasmia تسمية:_____________________
  4. What is Taawuz يعوذ:____________________
  5. What is Thana’ ثناء: ____________________

3.How many farad prayers in a day: _______________________

4.Name two farad Prayers and their times:___________________

  1. Write the name of each Salat against each column below:


سنة فرض سنة نفل وتر

1. 2( c) 2( c) - - -

2. 4( c) 4( c) 2(c ) 2(op) -

3. 4(op) 4(c ) - - -

4. - 3(c ) 2(c ) 2(op) -

5. 4(op) 4(c ) 2(c ) 2(op) 3(c)


C = Compulsory

OP = Optional

Part 5


  1. Define: Haram حرام____________
  2. Halal حلال____________

  3. Are these things Haram or Halal?

Wine ___________ Cow___________

Pork ___________ Goat___________

Dead animal______ Lamb__________

Drugs___________ Chicken________

Fish____________ Animal/bird which is slaughtered

Without Allah’s name read on it. .

3.a) How will you enter the Masjid المسجد___________________________________

And what Du’aa دعأ will you read (You can write in English):


b) How will you come out and what Du’aa دعأ you will read (You can write in English):


4.a) Before you eat what you should do 1. __________________

2. __________________

b) And after you; have eaten what you should do 1. __________________

2. __________________

5.a) How will you step into the Restroom____________________

and say Du’aa .

b) How will you leave the restroom _______________________

and say Du’aa .


c) In which month the Hajj falls: RAMADAN 9,


d) Who should make Hajj: 1. ___________

Male/female 2. ___________

(Hint: Adult, Mature, Poor, Enough means)

  1. In whose tradition a Halal

Animal is sacrificed in hajj: Moses, Jacob, Ismail,


Sunday School, Session 199-2000

Class IV – 12:30 PM – 1:30 PM

A Muslim’s Faith: A Muslim should believe that…

  1. Allah is One, he has no relations and partner
  2. He is the Creator, Sustainer and Master of all Universes.
  3. Muhammad is His True Messenger and the Final Prophet.
  4. All Prophets were his True Messengers.
  5. All Books revealed to the Prophets were His True Scripts.
  6. Day of Judgement-Resurrection is to come
  7. Angels are the creation of Allah.
  8. The Quran is the Final Book revealed to Prophet Muhammad for guidance of mankind.


Salat Requires


1. 5 times prayer in a day.

Jafr, Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib, Isha.

  1. Tahara
  2. Wudu
  3. Azan
  4. Iqama
  5. Jamaat


Complete concentration and attention towards Allah in Salat.

"That you are seeing him, and he is seeing you."


Virtues of Salat

"No doubt prayer restrains from immoral acts and acts which have been

Forbidden (by Allah and his Prophet)."


Immoral Acts

Such acts as are undesirable from moral point of view.

For instance: Pre-marital sex, Sodomy which means Homosexuality-rape, Masturbation, boy/girl friendships, dancing, brothel houses, Prostitution, etc.


Prohibited acts, which are Physically harmful.

Such foods as are: pork, wine, alcohol, drugs, animals which are Haram to eat. All carnivorous animals and birds- say lion, bear, dog, cat, crow, kite, vulture etc. Meat of dead animal though it may be a halal animal, in any bird/animal slaughtered in any one’s name other then Allah.


The effect of all these Prohibitions and Sanctions is that as a true Muslim one should observe them in letter and spirit so that when he stands before Allah for Prayer he should have a clean slate to present. This involves purity of moral, faithful, and spiritual self.


Ninth month on the Islamic Calendar.

A month of fasting for the Muslim Community. The fast begins from Sehr and ends on Sunset. No food or drink during this spans of the day. Travelers and sick persons have been exempted from fasting for so long as they remain in this state. They have to makeup the deficiency later when they are able to fast. A traveler who is 48 miles/ 80 kilometers from his home and has to remain out for a specified period which ranges from the day of his journey to fifteen days is deemed to be a traveler. If his outside stay at one place is more than that he is not a traveler; he should observe fasting in the normal way. Children who are not Baligh (mature), women in menses, a lunatic etc. may not fast.